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      2018年成考試題:綜合英語(一)

      更新時間:2017-12-31 15:41:15 來自:廣州成考網 廣州成考網:資訊更全面,成考更專業

      導讀:2018年成考試題:綜合英語(一)。

        Ⅰ.語法和詞匯填空。

        閱讀下面的句子或對話,從A、B、C和D四個選項中選出一個能填入空白處的最佳選項,并在答題紙上將該項的字母涂黑。(本大題共20小題,每小題1分,共20分)

        1. He was educated at the local grammar school, after ______ he went on to Cambridge.

        A. when

        B. what

        C. which

        D. where

        2. There’s no ______ to make an appointment. Just come to my office anytime after 10 in the morning.

        A. time

        B. need

        C. good

        D. chance

        3. — Could I have a look at your essay to get a few ideas?

        —______

        A. Sure. Why not?

        B. Yes, that’s right.

        C. Don’t mention it.

        D. That sounds great.

        4. Even if you fail the first time, you should ______ trying.

        A. hold on

        B. go on

        C. work out

        D. carry out

        5. A tall man walked into the bar in a woollen sweater, a jacket ____ at his waist.

        A. to tie

        B. tie

        C. ties

        D. tied

        6. My father is a businessman and is often away from home. Sometimes I wish that he ______ making less money.

        A. will be

        B. has been

        C. were

        D. is

        7. Technology has indeed had a direct ______ on our life today.

        A. change

        B. effort

        C. effect

        D. role

        8. ______ you stop working for a while, you will be tired out.

        A. As

        B. Unless

        C. If

        D. When

        9. Biological science should be developed to do good ______ harm to people.

        A. other than

        B. less than

        C. better than

        D. rather than

        10.______ it was getting dark, we decided to stop at a hotel for the night.

        A. Since

        B. If

        C. Though

        D. That

        11. The two boys look very much alike, but Robert is ______ one.

        A. the tallest

        B. the taller

        C. tall

        D. taller

        12. The teacher, as well as three of his students, ______ taken an interest in traditional Chinese painting.

        A. is

        B. are

        C.has

        D. have

        13. If I ______ harder at mathematics in school, I would have a much better chance of getting a good job.

        A. worked

        B. had worked

        C. were to work

        D. were working

        14. Gone are the days ______ I was young and as strong as a horse.

        A. when

        B. that

        C. where

        D. which

        15.I’ve tried to avoid ______ with him, but something in his manner of speaking always annoys me.

        A. quarrel

        B. to quarrel

        C. quarreling

        D. quarreled

        16. Only in this way ______ to achieve real success in your new business.

        A. do you hope

        B. you do hope

        C. you can hope

        D. can you hope

        17. The street was named ______ George Washington who led the American Revolution.

        A. from

        B. with

        C. as

        D. after

        18. Tom took a pile of papers off the desk to make ______ for the new computer.

        A. room

        B. area

        C. position

        D. place

        19. Lily has no trouble finding the new railway station because she has a good ______ of direction.

        A. feeling

        B. idea

        C. knowledge

        D. sense

        20. My boyfriend won’t go to Mary’s birthday party tonight and ______.

        A. I won’t either

        B. neither do I

        C. so will I

        D. I will too

        Ⅱ.閱讀理解。

        認真閱讀下面兩篇短文,根據短文內容從A、B、C和D四個選項中選出一個最佳選項,并在答題紙上將該項的字母涂黑。(本大題共10小題,每小題2分,共20分)

        Passage 1

        It was a cold grey day in late November, and although it was now only a little after two

        o’clock in the afternoon, the dark of a winter evening seemed to have come down over the hills, hiding them in mist(薄霧). The air was cold, and in spite of the tightly closed windows it found its way into the coach. The few passengers sat close together for warmth. Mary Yellan was sitting where the drops of rain came through the crack in the roof. She brushed them away with impatient fingers. Although she was only 40 miles by road from what had been her home for 23 years, she was already beginning to miss it. The courage which was so large a part of her, and had helped her so much during the long unhappiness of her mother’s illness and death, was now shaken by this rain and wind.

        She remembered a letter from her aunt. The writer said that the news had shocked her; that she had had no idea that her sister was ill, because it was many years since she had been in Helford. And she went on: “There have been changes with us that you will not know about. I no longer live in Bodmin, but nearly 12 miles outside it, on the road to Launceston. It’s a wild and lonely spot, and if you were to come to us I should be glad of your company in wintertime. I have asked your uncle, and he does not object, he says, if you don’t talk too much and will give help when it is needed. He cannot give you money or feed you for nothing, as you will understand. He will expect your help in the bar in return for your room and meals. You see, your uncle is the landlord of Jamaica Inn.”

        The letter was a strange message of welcome from the smiling Aunt Patience she remembered. A cold, empty letter, giving no word of comfort, and little information, except that she must not ask for money. Aunt Patience, with her silk skirts and delicate ways, the wife of an innkeeper!

        So it was that Mary Yellan found herself traveling north in the coach. Villages were scattered now, and there were few smiling faces at the doors of the small houses. There were almost no trees. The wind blew and the rain came with the wind.

        21. The purpose of Mary Yellan’s trip is to ______ .

        A. work in her uncle’s inn

        B. spend a winter holiday with her aunt

        C. inform her aunt of her mother’s death

        D. live with her aunt after her mother’s death

        22. The word “shaken” (Line 10, Paragraph 1) is closest in meaning to ______ .

        A. moved

        B. shocked

        C. weakened

        D. improved

        23. Mary Yellan’s feeling on the trip can be best described as ______.

        A. hesitant

        B. heavy

        C. hopeful

        D. relieved

        24. According to the letter, Mary Yellan was required to ______ .

        A. take care of her aunt

        B. run the inn for her uncle

        C. pay money for her meals

        D. talk less and help in the bar

        25. It can be learned from Paragraph 3 that Mary Yellan was ______ .

        A. surprised at her aunt’s businesslike manner

        B. angry about her aunt’s cold letter

        C. lonely without her aunt’s help

        D. happy to see her aunt

        Passage 2

        It’s summer time, meaning a lot of people are eating outside while enjoying the sunshine. But if you don’t properly take care of the grill or the food you’re cooking on it, you could wind up making people sick.

        According to Dr. Elizabeth Hagen, the under secretary for food safety at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, people may neglect the importance of food safety during cookouts, because they’re busy entertaining and do not have the same “sense of food handling” they might have in the kitchen. However, Hagen noted it’s important to be cautious no matter where you cook, because thousands of people are admitted to hospitals every year for food-related illnesses. “Forty-eight million people in the United States get sick every year from food poisoning. Forty-eight million,” Hagen said. “And 128,000 of them end up in the hospital; 30,000 of them will die from food-related illness each year in the United States. That’s why this is worth talking about, raising awareness, and giving people the information they need to reduce the risk.”

        Hagen listed three steps to keeping food safe. The first step is to clean your hands, tools and food surfaces before you cook. Then you should separate raw meat and poultry(禽肉)from foods that won’t be cooked. Besides, you need to use a meat thermometer to cook to the proper temperature.

        “When you’re eating outside the rule is two hours,” Hagen said. “You really can’t leave things sitting out for more than two hours, and if the temperature is above thirty-two degrees, which it often is at fourth of July, you can’t leave things out for more than one hour. So get them back into the cooler, back into the refrigerator as soon as possible.”

        If you get a food-related illness, Hagen said you may start feeling symptoms anywhere from a couple of hours to as long as six weeks after you’ve eaten the unhealthy food.

        26. The phrase “wind up” (Line 3, Paragraph 1) is closest in meaning to ______.

        A. turn up

        B. end up

        C. clean up

        D. give up

        27. Which of the following statements is true according to Dr. Hagen?

        A. People pay less attention to food safety during cookouts.

        B. 48 million people suffer from food poisoning during cookouts.

        C. 128,000 people die from food-related illness each year in the US.

        D. People have less sense of food handling when they cook at home.

        28. What is the second step listed by Dr. Hagen to keep food safe?

        A. Clean your hands, tools and food surfaces.

        B. Keep your cooking materials in the refrigerator.

        C. Separate raw meat from foods that won’t be cooked.

        D. Cook to the right temperature by using a meat thermometer.

        29. How long can you leave the food out when the temperature is above 32℃ ?

        A. More than three hours.

        B. More than two hours.

        C. No more than two hours.

        D. No more than one hour.

        30. What is the passage mainly about?

        A. Outdoor cooking.

        B. Food storage.

        C. Outdoor food safety.

        D. Food-related diseases.

        非選擇題部分

        注意事項:

        用黑色字跡的簽字筆或鋼筆將答案寫在答題紙上,不能答在試題卷上。

        Ⅲ.用國際音標標出下列單詞中劃線字母或字母組合的讀音。

        (本大題共20小題,每小題0.5分,共10分)(注意:使用新式或老式音標均可)

        31. believe 32. sandwich

        33. mechanized 34. June

        35. besides 36. wolf

        37. essential 38. vision

        39. rough 40. crawl

        41. fairy 42. acquire

        43. heavy 44. waitress

        45. journey 46 . persuade

        47. approach 48. couple

        49. realistic 50. whole

        Ⅳ.完形填空。(本大題共20小題,每小題0.5分,共10分)

        A.從下列單詞中選擇適當的詞填空,每個詞只能用一次。

        because modern to attention

        traditional take they who

        and than helpful there

        A recent report has come up with some surprising findings. It shows that many people still prefer to do their shopping in __51__ shops. They say they particularly like the personal __52__ they get from local salespeople, who take the trouble to get to know their customers __53__ are always cheerful when they serve them. Many particularly like to buy electric appliances from a local shop __54__ they feel that if the products develop any unpleasant faults, they can __55__ them back to a shopkeeper who they know and who they feel will be __56__ .

        Another reason people give for preferring their local shops __57__ the larger stores is that they distrust the persuasive salespeople __58__ meet in the big stores. So it seems that people are more selective __59__ . we have been led to believe. The report will make comforting reading to all of us __60__ would hate to lose our local shops. It would indeed be depressing if they were to disappear.

        B.根據課文的內容在每個空白處填入一個恰當的詞。

        I was once having dinner with him in an expensive restaurant. When the wine-waiter brought the wine, he __61__ a drop into Henry’s glass and waited with a proud __61__ on his face, as if to say “Taste __63__ , you peasant. It’s clear that you know __64__ about wine.” So Henry, instead of tasting it, the __65__ any normal person would do, dipped his thumb and forefinger __66__ the wine. Then he put his hand to his ear and rolled his forefinger and thumb together as __67__ he were listening to the quality of the wine! Then he nodded __68__ the wine-waiter seriously, as if to say “Yes, that’s fine. You may __69__ it.” You should have seen the wine-waiter’s __70__! And how Henry managed to keep a straight face, I’ll never know!

        Ⅴ.根據所學課文內容完成句子。(本大題共10小題,每小題2分,共20分)

        71. In“The Day I Was Fat”, it was the boy’s abusive but honest words that made the author commit herself to ______.

        72. In“The Mystery of the Silver Box”, The Thinking Machine is actually a ______.

        73. In“Remembering Tracy Bill”, Bill and Cory Marsh decided to do what their son had wished for when he was alive—to ______.

        74. Clearly, the author of “The Trashman” wants people to know that trashmen deserve as much ______ as economists.

        75. In “Little Things Are Big”, the author didn’t have enough courage to offer his help to the white woman in the subway station mainly due to the social reality of ______.

        76. According to “Happiness”, one of the things that long-term happiness is based on is ______.

        77. In “In the Laboratory”, Professor Agassiz says that facts are stupid things until they are ______.

        78. In “Detective on the Trail”, Bob Sugg, the newspaper boy, succeeded in helping the police catch the thief by ______.

        79. In “This Life”, the author Sidney Poitier made up his mind to learn how to read after ______ .

        80. In “The Letter ’A’’’, Christy Brown, whom doctors believed to be mentally defective, created a miracle and learned to ______.

        Ⅵ.漢譯英。將下列句子譯成英語。(本大題共10小題,每小題2分,共20分)

        81.這個航班本該一小時前起飛,但由于天氣不好延誤了。

        82.她侄子已經大學畢業,將去一家外國公司工作。

        83.我上星期買的電視昨天出毛病了。

        84.離開教室前,請務必關窗和關燈。

        85.他清了清嗓子,高興地說:“我要結婚了。”

        86.這是她來到公司后第一次獨立完成任務。

        87.你能派人把負責這個項目的人請過來嗎?

        88.他剛打開電腦就停電了。

        89.如果你早點兒告訴我,我也許已經幫你把問題解決了。

        90.他在全國運動會上獲得了金牌,這讓他的家人充滿自豪。

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